Eadweard J. Muybridge (pronounced /ˌɛdwərd ˈmaɪbrɪdʒ/; 9 April 1830 – 8 May 1904) was an English photographer who spent much of his life in the United States. He is known for his pioneering work on animal locomotion which used multiple cameras to capture motion, and his zoopraxiscope, a device for projecting motion pictures that pre-dated the flexible perforated film strip.
Muybridge has influenced:
Étienne-Jules Marey – recorded first series of live action with a single camera
Thomas Eakins – an artist who worked with and continued Muybridge’s motion studies and incorporated the findings into his own artwork
Thomas Edison – owns patent for motion picture camera
William Dickson – credited as inventor of motion picture camera
Marcel Duchamp – see Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2
Francis Bacon – an artist who painted numerous paintings from photographs by Muybridge
Cartoon animators often use Muybridge’s photos as a reference when drawing their characters.
John Gaeta − the principles of Muybridge’s photography were used to create the bullet time slow-motion technique of the 1999 movie The Matrix.